Nelson Mandela was a freedom fighter and activist who fought against inequality against color and cast in South Africa. He became the first president after his long journey and spent 27 years in prison which is situated on an island. He described all these things in his book “Long Walk To Freedom”. In today’s article, we will discuss about this book and the life journey of this inspiring and positive man Nelson Mandela.
Nelson Mandela Class 10 Summary
The book “Long Walk to Freedom” is the autobiography of Nelson Mandela, former and first president of South Africa. Here we will discuss Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom Summary Class 10 and know more about this great leader.
In this book, Nelson discussed all struggles for freedom in South Africa. This chapter is short summary of the book Long Walk to Freedom itself, Nelson became the first president of South Africa after democracy and that’s why people of South Africa call him “Fathe of Democracy”. He was later awarded many awards including Nobel Prize, Bharat Ratan, and many more.
Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions And Answers
Oral Comprehension Check Page 18,19,21
Question – Where did the ceremonies take place? Can you name any public buildings in India that are made of sandstones?
Answer – The ceremonies took place on the campus of the Union Building of Pretoria, which was attended by dignitaries and leaders of many nations. In India; Rashtrapati Bhavan and Red Fort are buildings made of red sandstone.
Question – Can you say how 10th May is an ‘autumn day’ in South Africa?
Answer – As South Africa is in the Southern Hemisphere, may fall in the autumn season. Thus 10th May is an ‘autumn day’.
Question – At the beginning of his speech, Mandela mentions “an extraordinary human disaster”. What does he mean by this? What is the “glorious human achievement” he speaks of at the end?
Answer – By ‘an extraordinary human disaster’ Mandela means to state the practice of apartheid in South Africa. During this, there was racial segregation based on color and the blacks suffered a lot. They were not allowed to demand freedom or any right. Mandela himself did spend many years on the infamous ‘Robben Island’ as a prisoner where he was beaten mercilessly. He considered it a great glorious human achievement that a black person became the President of a country where the blacks were not even considered human beings and were treated badly.
Question – What does Mandela thank the international leaders for?
Answer – Mandela felt very privileged to welcome the international leaders at the swearing-in ceremony because not too long ago, the South Africans were considered outlaws. He thus thanks all of them for having come to witness the historical ceremony. This was a gesture of international recognition to a newly born free democratic nation and it could be considered a common victory for justice, peace, and human dignity.
Question – What ideals does Nelson Mandela set for the future of South Africa?
Answer – Nelson Mandela set the ideals of liberating people from the bondage of poverty, deprivation, and suffering. He also set the ideal for a society where there would be no discrimination based on gender or racial origins.
Question – What did the military generals do? How did their attitude change and why?
Answer – The highest military generals of the South African defense force saluted Mandela and pledged their loyalty which was of great significance as during the apartheid era they would have arrested him. The change in their attitude was because of the struggle and sacrifices put in by many heroes of South Africa. This struggle not only ensured the freedom of a nation struggling with apartheid but brought a change in the mindsets of many. He believed that love can also be taught and human beings are naturally inclined toward love rather than hate.
Nelson Mandela Class 10 Solution
Question – Why were two national anthems sung?
Answer – On the auspicious occasion of the inauguration two national anthems: one by the Whites and the other by the Blacks symbolizing the equality of the Blacks and the Whites were sung.
Question – How does Mandela describe the systems of government in his country
(i) in the first decade, and
(ii) in the final decade, of the twentieth century?
Answer – (i) In the first decade of the century, the whites erected a system of racial domination against the blacks, thus creating the basis of one of the harshest and most inhumane societies the world had ever known.
(ii) In the final decade of the 20th century, the. the previous system had been overturned and replaced by one which recognized the rights and freedom of all people regardless of the color of their skin.
Question – What does courage mean to Mandela?
Answer – For Mandela courage does not mean the absence of fear but a victory over fear. According to him brave men need not be fearless but should be able to conquer fear.
Question – Which does Mandela think is natural, to love or to hate?
Answer – For Mandela, love comes more naturally to the human heart than hate.
Reference was taken from Wikipedia